Mango Fruit – 9 Amazing Questions Answered
King of Fruit – The Mango Fruit
Mango Fruits are, believe it or not, the most widely eaten fresh fruit in the world.
They have been known to exist for more than 4,000 years and number some hundred varieties of Mangoes.
Mangos or Mangoes?
The English language can be confusing, and the Plural of Mango is something – that can be a little complex.
But you can not make a mistake – both Mangos and Mangoes are right.
It is the same as with Avocadoes and Avocados. Either way to spell Mango in Plural is correct.
How do Mangoes taste?
The range of taste, flavor, color, and size is infinite, but the best-flavored fruit has a yellow tinge when ripe; the color, however, may be red, yellow, green, orange, or any combination.
The nearest description of the flavor of mangoes would be to liken them to peaches.
The first encounter with Mango Fruits may leave you with an after taste of turpentine; this is common in the wild varieties such as the common Mango, the black Mango, and the hairy Mango, but if this has also been your experience, then give mangoes a second chance.
Want a Step by Step Tutorial on How to Serve Mango?
What is the Origin of the Mango Fruit?
The Mango Fruit Family “Mangifera indica” originated in south-east Asia but is now widely grown in all areas free from frost.
In India, some varieties of Mangoes were probably already cultivated in 2000 BCE.
Mango Fruit was brought to East Asia around 500 BCE. It was accessible to people on the Swahili Coast in the 14th century and was eventually passed on to Brazil in the 16th century.
The first Mangoes got imported to America in the 17th century.
Mango is known to be the National Fruit of India and the National Tree of Bangladesh. Source: Wikipedia
What are the most popular varieties of Mangoes?
The Mango “Alphonso” is especially popular among the Asian community and an exceptional variety to look out for is the Benishan-Mango marketed under the name of ‘Vijaya Sungold.’
Fruits from the Caribbean are generally smaller, with varieties such as ‘Julie,’ with a yellowy-orange pulp color, weighing in at 250g (9oz), or ‘Graham,’ with similar coloring but weighing in at 350g (12oz).
But if you want a real treat, look for the large juicy and fleshy Bombay Mango, which is a dark yellow – or the St. Julian Mango, which has an orange pulp.
The varieties of Mangos in the Mango Fruit Family includes hundreds of cultivars, but the most common Mango is the Mangifera indica.
Check out mango.org if you want to see more varieties of Mangoes.
Is Mango a Healthy Fruit?
The common Mangoes are an excellent source of Vitamins A and C.
While Vitamin A will improve your eyesight – Vitamin C will boost your immune system.
Mango Fruits are also high in fiber and also contain potassium and beta carotene.
These and many other properties are known to protect you against many kinds of cancer – like breast cancer or prostate cancer.
The Mango is, therefore, healthy for both men or women.
Because Mango Fruits are low in calories, they are an excellent staple food – if you want to lose weight.
Mangoes are related to poison ivy and poison oak, and you should not eat the Fruit’s skin as it may irritate the mouth.
How do Mangoes Bear Fruit?
Mango Trees are dome-shaped, evergreen Trees with deep roots and grow to 18m (60ft) tall.
As Tropical Fruits, they require hot, dry periods to set fruit and produce a good crop.
Ideal for your conservatory or greenhouse, they will need to be pruned annually to keep them under control and to a manageable size.
The Flower stalks are usually bright red, carrying yellow Flowers along the full length of the branch.
Each Flower is a potential Fruit and smells slightly like vanilla.
As the fruit develops, the Flower stalk will start to bend over under the fruit’s weight; it does not require support.
The Mango Tree will shed any fruit it cannot hold, and in the early years, you may only get two or three Mango Fruits, with the numbers increasing with the maturity of the tree.
The Mango Fruit develops from Flower to maturity over a period of four to five months, and the fruits themselves are kidney-shaped, somewhat flattened, with smooth skin.
Each fruit contains one sizeable flattened seed.
Is Mango a Citrus Fruit?
Some people may ask: is Mango a Citrus Fruit?
The answer to that is clear: No, the Mango is not a Citrus Fruit.
Mango Fruits are Drupes. Drupes are including all Fruits that have a single seed inside.
Fruits in the Mango Fruit Family has a hardened shell with a seed inside.
That makes the common Mango a Stone Fruit.
How to Grow a Mango Tree from Mango Seeds?
To germinate your Mango seeds, plant – placing the end of the seed attached to the stalk downwards – into a John Innes No.3 with plenty of bark chippings added to improve drainage and absorb any excess nitrogen from the fertilizer. You can also get a Care Kit for the first 3 months.
Because the common Mango seeds are enormous, plant in a 25cm pot, water, then cover the pot with polythene and place into the airing cupboard until the seed has germinated.
Move into a frost-free conservatory – preferably with a winter temperature of no less than ten °C – remove the polythene, water well in the summer, but keep dryer in the winter and feed with citrus fertilizer, which is suitable or all fruiting trees are grown in containers.
Provide adequate moisture to encourage growth.
Mango Trees require evenly moist soil to produce high-quality fruit.
A tender young mango tree should be watered every two to three days while outdoors if weather conditions do not provide sufficient moisture.
When the Mango tree has started to fruit, prune back after harvesting to encourage vigorous new shoots, which will bear fruit the following year. Increase the pot’s size as the root ball increases, remembering that mango trees have deep roots.
How long before a Mango Tree bears fruit?
They are often grafted for agricultural production but will fruit from seed after four to six years.
Mango Seeds need up to four weeks to grow. Your Mango tree will grow in a few months – but it will certainly not be mature enough yet to start producing fruits. Some candidates in the Mango Fruit Family may require four years to bear fruit – others need up to six years.