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Oak Trees

Oak trees are massive and majestic trees at maturation, some growing as tall as 100 feet or more, 30+ feet in circumference and can live for several hundred years.  If you neglect to water and fertilize your oak tree, it will slow its growth considerably and the production of acorns will not reach its full potential.  Oak trees generally start producing acorns around the age of 20 years, some taking as long as 50 years before seeing their first fruitful year, others taking as few as 5 years.  Acorns grow only once a year in the fall and their production varies from year to year.  

If you plan to grow an oak tree, make sure to plant it far enough from the house so that when it reaches maturation its roots won't damage the foundation of the house or any other building surrounding it; or that its size won't be an encumbrance for windows or pathways.  

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Bur Oak

The Bur Oak tree, Quercus macrocarpa, is a long-lived majestic oak tree. It is also called the Burr Oak. The Bur Oak is a tall, fairly slow-growing, long-lived tree, highly desirable for windbreaks, shelterbelts and ornamental use. It has an impressive crown with a massive trunk, which makes it a picturesque specimen. Bur Oak trees adapt to various soils where other oaks may fail. The tree will bear acorns in the nursery in ten years.

Cherry Bark Oak

The Cherrybark Oak tree, Quercus falcata var. pagodifolia, is also called bottomland red oak, red oak, swamp red oak, swamp Spanish oak, and Elliott oak. Cherrybark Oak trees are a highly-valued red oak in the South. It is larger and better formed than southern red oak and commonly grows on more moist sites. Many wild animals and birds use the acorns as food. This tree is also a pleasant shade tree and is a fast growing Oak tree.

Chestnut Oak

The Chestnut Oak tree, Quercus prinus, is a medium-sized, native, deciduous tree. Chestnut Oak trees are also called Rock Oak, Rock Chestnut Oak, or Mountain Oak. It is long-lived and slow-growing rugged tree. The characteristic bark is dark and very rough. On older trees it typically is broken into long, V-shaped ridges that are separated by deep furrows. Chestnut Oak is amazingly free of major pest and disease problems, a testament to superior genetics in all aspects of its growth cycle.

Gobbler Sawtooth Oak

The Gobbler Sawtooth Oak tree, Quercus acutissima, produces acorns in 5 years, supports wildlife, and is fast growing tree. The “Gobbler” Sawtooth Oak, is the same as the Sawtooth Oak but produces a smaller acorn. The Gobbler begins bearing acorns in the fifth or sixth year in a nursery location. The Gobbler grows fast for an oak tree. Fall leaf color will be yellow to golden brown. This tree will bear heavy in alternate years and it is a very adaptable Oak tree that can tolerate droughty conditions.

Northern Red Oak

The Northern Red Oak tree, Quercus borealis, is known for its strength and brilliant fall color. Northern Red Oak trees are used as a specimen tree and also for wildlife. It has moderate water requirements and has a moderate tolerance to salt and alkali soils. The form of this tree is rounded and the ascending, usually massive branches, tend to branch low to the ground. They will bear acorns in 10-12 years in the nursery. Does best in well-drained soils. A very widely planted tree.

Nuttall Oak

The Nuttall Oak tree, Quercus nuttallii, was not distinguished as a species until 1927. It is also called red oak, Red River oak, and pin oak. It is one of the few commercially important species found on poorly drained clay flats and low bottoms of the Gulf Coastal Plain and north in the Mississippi and Red River Valleys. In addition to producing timber, Nuttall oak is an important species for wildlife management because of heavy annual mast production.

Overcup Oak

The Overcup Oak tree, Quercus lyrata, is a long-lived, very sturdy shade tree that will thrive in a wide variety of soil conditions. This oak tree is long overlooked by growers; the tree is just starting to be more popular and thus more readily available for home landscapes. An important tree in difficult urban landscaping situations with uniform branching forming a rounded shape with an open crown. Overcup Oak trees can create wildlife habitat on land where most oak species can not survive.

Pin Oak

The Pin Oak tree, Quercus palustris, is probably the most widely used native oak for landscaping. One of the faster growing oaks; it can grow 12 to 15’ over a 5 to 7 year period. Pin Oak trees have moderate water requirements and have a moderate tolerance to salt and alkali soils. This deciduous tree prospers in a range of soil types including wet soils. It loses it lower limbs with age. Young trees and lower branches of older trees hold leaves throughout winter.

Post Oak

The Post Oak tree, Quercus stellata, is a small to medium-sized tree. The bark of the Post Oak is similar to that of the White Oak, but somewhat darker and often fissured into scaly ridges. The leaves of Post Oak trees are usually 4 to 5 inches long and they are thick and somewhat leathery. They are dark green and shiny on the upper surface and lighter green and rough hairy beneath. The acorns matures in one year, ripening September to November. The leaves turn to a golden color in the fall.

Sawtooth Oak

The Sawtooth Oak tree, Quercus acutissima, is a wide spreading shade or lawn tree. This deciduous tree is a great source for wildlife food because it begins to produce acorns in its sixth year in the nursery. It is a highly prized oak for wildlife enthusiasts because of the short time it takes for the tree to produce acorns. The leaves go from yellow to golden brown in the fall, and open to a brilliant golden yellow in the spring. Its growth rate is rapid for an oak tree, and it is a fast growing shade tree.

Shumard Oak

The Shumard Oak tree, Quercus shumardii, is one of the largest southern red oak trees. It grows moderately fast and produces acorns every 2 to 4 years that are a bonus since they can be used by wildlife for food. A handsome shade tree, suggested as a substitute for Scarlet Oak, though not so hardy northward. The outstanding deep crimson-red fall color produced by the Shumard Oak is an excellent reason to plant this species. In urban areas, this tree has been embraced as a hardy city species. It is also a valuable lumber oak.

Southern Red Oak

The Southern Red Oak tree, Quercus falcata, is characterized by its rough bark. The Southern red oak is also referred to as Spanish oak. Southern Red Oak trees are a medium-sized tree with a short trunk and large branches supporting a rounded crown. The bark is dark gray in color, furrowed, and is marked by rough ridges and plates. The Southern Oak tree is deciduous and is a good shade tree adapted to drier sites. The wood of the Southern Red Oak is strong and coarse-grained.

Swamp Chestnut Oak

The Swamp Chestnut Oak tree, Quercus michauxii, is known also as a basket oak for the baskets made from its wood, and cow oak because cows eat the acorns. One of the important timber trees of the South, it grows on moist and wet loamy soils of bottom lands, along streams and borders of swamps. Swamp chestnut oak trees are deciduous and have leaves that vary from four to eight inches in length, are downy beneath and turn a rich crimson in the fall. A good shade tree.

Swamp White Oak

The Swamp White Oak tree, Quercus bicolor, is a beautiful native tree with lustrous, heavy textured leaves with wavy margins. This rugged oak grows well in either upland or swampy areas. It is tolerant of poorly drained sites and frequently is found in heavy mucky soils. The Swamp White Oak is a rapidly growing tree that flowers in spring. The sweet acorns are eaten by whitetail deer, mallards, wood ducks, wild turkeys, squirrels, woodpeckers, and smaller rodents.

Black Oak

The Black Oak tree, Quercus velutina, is very similar in appearance to the Red Oak. One of the main differences include its ability to thrive on poor and varied soils. It is sometimes called yellow oak, quercitron, yellowbark oak, or smoothbark oak. Black Oak trees occur naturally on poor sandy or clay hillsides. This deciduous tree has deeply furrowed bark and on mature trees is nearly black. Historically, the inner bark was important for its tannin and as a source of yellow dye.

Chinkapin Oak

The Chinkapin Oak tree, Quercus muehlenbergii, is the limestone equivalent of the chestnut oak, occuring as a dominant species on rocky alkaline uplands. This Oak tree is also sometimes commonly called yellow chestnut oak. Chinkapin oak is a medium sized deciduous oak of the white oak group that typically grows 40-60’ tall with an open globular crown. Chinkapin is not used extensively as an ornamental tree, although it is quite tolerant of tougher sites.

Eastern Red Oak

The Eastern Red Oak tree, Quercus maxima, is a hardwood tree that you can recognize by its pointy-lobed leaves with prickly tips. In autumn the leaves turn a vibrant red, adding bursts of color to our landscapes. The tree is very similar to the Northern Red Oak and is sometimes called a Northern Red Oak. It grows rapidly for an Oak tree and is widely adaptable to moisture and soil types.

Texana Nuttall Oak

The Texana Nuttall Oak tree, Quercus texana, also known as Spanish oak, Nuttall's oak, Texas red oak, Spotted Oak, Rock oak, and red river oak, is a large deciduous native tree of the red oak group. The Texana Nuttail tree has a wide-spreading, rounded crown. Fruits are oval acorns (to 1 1/2" long) with scaly cups. Dark green leaves (4-8" long) are deeply divided into 5-7 spiny, pointed lobes. The acorn matures in two seasons. The acorns are eaten by water fowl and many small mammals.

Water Oak

The Water Oak tree, Quercus nigra, is also known as a spotted oak or possum oak. Water Oak trees are a conical to round-topped tree. It is a popular tree in the South as a shade and street tree. This deciduous tree is fast growing and it starts producing acorns before its 10th year. The Water Oak is found along streams and low ground. Water oak acorns provide food for many animals such as squirrels, white-tailed deer, and wild turkey.

White Oak

The White Oak tree, Quercus alba, is a great majestic long-lived tree that will last for generations. It is an excellent wildlife source of food mass in the form of acorns. This deciduous shade tree has moderate water requirements and has a moderate tolerance to salt and alkali soils. Does best on deep, moist, well-drained, acid soils. Advantages of the White Oak are that they are easily transplanted when young and they have a high resistance to ice breakage and oak wilt. They require very little maintenance.

Willow Oak

The Willow Oak tree, Quercus phellos, is one of the most popular trees for streets, parks, estates, and residential properties. This shade tree is also grown as far north as Cape Cod with reasonable success. A beautiful specimen oak, the Willow Oak is a relatively fast growing species, about 2’ a year. The Willow Oak is a good street tree because it is tolerant of heat, drought, air pollution and standing water. Acorns are a good food source for birds and squirrels. The small leaves are easy to clean up in the fall.

Texas Red Oak

The Texas Red Oak, 'Quercus buckleyi' is also known as Spanish Oak, Spotted Oak, Red Oak, and Rock Oak. This medium sized tree may achieve a height of 30 feet or more and an equal spread. The Texas Red Oak develops a rather typical shape and form for the species, with a dense rounded canopy. The Texas red oak may also be found as a multi-trunked specimen in the wild. They are moderately fast growing for a hard wood tree. The bark is thick with scaly ridges separated by deep, dark fissures.





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