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USDA Plant Hardiness Zones 

The USDA information is published as a map officially named the USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map, often referred to as gardening or climate zones.  It is the most commonly used planting guide nationally. When shopping for plants online, this is the hardiness zone information offered.

How to Use the Map

Zones 2-10 in the map have been subdivided into light- and dark-colored sections (a and b) that represent 5 F (2.8 C) differences within the 10 F (5.6 C) zone.  The light color of each zone represents the colder section; the dark color, the warmer section.  Zone 11 represents any area where the average annual minimum temperature is above 40 F (4.4 C). Areas above an arbitrary elevation are traditionally considered unsuitable for plant cropping and do not bear appropriate zone designations.  There are also island zones that, because of elevation differences, are warmer or cooler than the surrounding areas and are given a different zone designation.  Note that many large urban areas carry a warmer zone designation than the surrounding countryside. 

Before investing in your garden

It is important when shopping for live plants for your garden or landscape that you know which gardening zone applies to your area.  Make sure that the nursery you are considering for your purchases will only ship plants to you that will survive in your climate zone at a time of year when these plants can be planted or transplanted.   Many trees or flowers cannot be planted during certain times of year.  Most nurseries only deliver live plants in the spring and in the fall and very rarely in the summer months.

  Zone     Fahrenheit       Celsius       Example Cities  
1  Below -50 F   Below -45.6 C Fairbanks, Alaska;   Resolute, Northwest Territories (Canada) 
2a -50 to -45 F   -42.8 to -45.5 C Prudhoe Bay, Alaska;   Flin Flon, Manitoba (Canada) 
2b -45 to -40 F -40.0 to -42.7 C Unalakleet, Alaska;   Pinecreek, Minnesota 
3a -40 to -35 F -37.3 to -39.9 C International Falls, Minnesota;   St. Michael, Alaska
3b -35 to -30 F -34.5 to -37.2 C Tomahawk, Wisconsin;   Sidney, Montana
4a -30 to -25 F -31.7 to -34.4 C Minneapolis/St.Paul, Minnesota;   Lewistown, Montana
4b -25 to -20 F -28.9 to -31.6 C Northwood, Iowa; Nebraska
5a -20 to -15 F -26.2 to -28.8 C Des Moines, Iowa;   Illinois
5b -15 to -10 F -23.4 to -26.1 C Columbia, Missouri;   Mansfield, Pennsylvania
6a -10 to -5 F -20.6 to -23.3 C St. Louis, Missouri; Lebanon, Pennsylvania
6b -5 to 0 F   -17.8 to -20.5 C McMinnville, Tennessee;   Branson, Missouri 
7a 0 to 5 F -15.0 to -17.7 C Oklahoma City, Oklahoma;   South Boston, Virginia
7b 5 to 10 F -12.3 to -14.9 C Little Rock, Arkansas;   Griffin, Georgia
8a  10 to 15 F -9.5 to -12.2 C Tifton, Georgia;   Dallas, Texas 
8b 15 to 20 F -6.7 to -9.4 C Austin, Texas;   Gainesville, Florida
9a 20 to 25 F -3.9 to -6.6 C Houston, Texas;   St. Augustine, Florida
9b 25 to 30 F -1.2 to -3.8 C Brownsville, Texas;   Fort Pierce, Florida
10a 30 to 35 F 1.6 to -1.1 C Naples, Florida;   Victorville, California
10b 35 to 40 F 4.4 to 1.7 C Miami, Florida;   Coral Gables, Florida
11 above 40 F above 4.5 C Honolulu, Hawaii;   Mazatlan, Mexico

plant hardiness zone map by US state

http://www.usna.usda.gov/Hardzone/hrdzon3.html

ZONE 1 Below -50F

Sow seed in early spring when soil can be worked

ZONE 2 -50F to -40F

Sow seed in early spring when soil can be worked

ZONE 3 -40F to -30F

Spring: April 15-June 15 

Fall: August 15-October 1

ZONE 4 -30F to -20F

Spring: April 15-June 15 

Fall: September 1-October 15

ZONE 5 -20F to -10F

Spring: April 15-June 15 

Fall: September 1-October 15

ZONE 6 -10F to 0F

Spring: March 15-May 15 

Fall: September 15-November 1

ZONE 7 0F to 10F

Spring: February 15-April 15 

Fall: September 15-November 15

ZONE 8 10F to 20F

Spring: January 15-March 1 

Fall: October 1-December 1

ZONE 9 20F to 30F

Spring: January 1-March 1 

Fall: October 1-December 1

ZONE 10 30F to 40F

Spring: January 1-March 1 

Fall: October 1-December 1

ZONE 11 ABOVE 40F

Spring: January 1-March 1 

Fall: October 1-December 1

 


 

 

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