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|The Fraser Fir, Abies
Fraseri, is a classy, tall, fir tree that has short dark-green
needles with silver undersides. It is among the most classy of
conifers. A great ornamental and Christmas tree because of its
density and compactness. Fraser Firs will grow in most locations
but must have good drainage. This dense evergreen tree has wood
that is light, soft, not strong and coarse-grained. It is grown
extensively for Christmas trees in North Carolina, where it is
ranked as the number one Christmas tree by the Christmas tree
Black Hills Spruce
Black Hills Spruce, Picea Glauca Var. densata, is noted for its
dark green foliage and conical form. Black Hills Spruce trees are
very dense and have a deep dark green color. It is a truly cold
adapted tree and is very resistant to winter injury. Deer dislike
Black Hills Spruce. This tree is commonly used for windbreaks,
privacy screens and accent plantings. It will reach a height of
six feet in nine years on a good site.
Canadian Hemlock tree, Tsuga canadensis, is also called Eastern
Hemlock or Hemlock spruce. This evergreen conifer is a
fast-growing long-lived tree which unlike many trees grows well in
shade. It may take 250 to 300 years to reach maturity and may live
for 800 years or more. Shelter small plants from drying winds.
They stand shearing and pruning well and are excellent as hedges.
They are graceful and make great ornamental plantings.
Colorado Blue Spruce tree, Picea Pungens, is a pyramidal shaped
evergreen with steel blue foliage. It prefers heavier soils, full
sun, and clean cultivation. Colorado Blue Spruce trees will reach a
height of six feet in eight years on a good site, starting with a 2
year old seedling. The Blue Spruce is probably the most drought
tolerant of all spruce trees. A handsome ornamental specimen for use
as a dense, colorful screen or windbreak. Space 6 ft. apart when
used as a screen or windbreak.
Concolor Fir tree, Abies concolor, is also known as white fir,
concolor fir, silver fir, Rocky Mountain white fir, Colorado Fir,
Lows Fir, Pacific white fir. Concolor Fir trees are large,
densely-growing, narrow trees with a dome-shaped crown growing to
50 feet or more. This evergreen conifer tree is native to the
mountainous regions of the western United States It is a rapid
grower after it becomes established. It makes a handsome
ornamental and decorative Christmas tree.
Eastern White Pine
Eastern White Pine, Pinus Strobus, is a beautiful landscape pine
widely used throughout much of North America. This evergreen
conifer tree is a truly magnificent tree attaining a height of 80
feet at maturity with a diameter of two to three feet. It carries
long, soft bluish green needles with large brown cones. Eastern
White Pine trees are widely used as a screen or windbreak. It is
easily controlled, and is good for small properties as well as
field plantings. Also widely used for Christmas trees and timber.
Fraser Fir, Abies Fraseri, is a classy, tall, fir tree that has
short dark-green needles with silver undersides. It is among the
most classy of conifers. A great ornamental and Christmas tree
because of its density and compactness. Fraser Firs will grow in
most locations but must have good drainage. This dense evergreen
tree has wood that is light, soft, not strong and coarse-grained.
It is grown extensively for Christmas trees in North Carolina,
where it is ranked as the number one Christmas tree by the
Christmas tree industry
Loblolly Pine tree, Pinus taeda, is a fast-growing member of the
yellow pine group. It is also called yellow pine, North Carolina
pine, and oldfield pine and is the most commercially important
forest species in the southern United States. Loblolly Pine trees
can grow up to 100 feet tall and up to three feet in diameter;
however, along the coast they seldom rise more than 50 feet. It
thrives in a variety of soils, including well-drained upland areas
with poor nutrient concentrations to poorly drained lowland areas
and abandoned fields.
Mugho Pine tree, Pinus mugo mughus, may also be called the dwarf
mountain pine. This evergreen little dwarf conifer has branching,
upright stems evenly covered in 2-inch-long needles of a deep,
dark true green. It does require good drainage. Roots grow near
the surface, so using a cover soil with a 2-inch-thick mulch to
protect them is recommended. These trees are easily transplanted.
They make a great landscaping evergreen tree because their shape
and size are controllable by shearing.
Norway Spruce tree, Picea Abies, is a fast growing tree that can
grow to 150 ft. Norway Spruce trees, placed on a good site, should
reach 5 ft. in 6 to 7 years starting with a 2-yr. seedling. It is
one of the best conifers for shelters and windbreaks, as its
branches grow densely into one another. For planting a windbreak,
or for noise abatement, these trees should be planted 6 ft. apart.
The branches of Norway Spruce trees droop gracefully as tree
matures, making this a very attractive ornamental.
Ponderosa Pine, Pinus Ponderosa, will grow on most soils including
very sandy soils and sites with very little topsoil. Once
established, it is very drought resistant. With good care,
Ponderosa Pine trees will grow to a height of six feet in six
years, starting with a 2 year old seedling. It is a tall stately
tree that is widely used in windbreaks. This evergreen conifer
tree thrives in full sun and poor soil, and it is one of the
tallest and most important timber pines in the western states.
Scotch Pine tree, Pinus Sylvestris, is a conifer that is a native
of Europe and is widely used as a Christmas Tree. It is a fast
growing, irregularly shaped tree. The evergreen foliage consists
of short, twisted needles, which are bluish-green and often change
to yellow-green in winter. When used in windbreaks, it should be
placed in east or south inside rows and works best in partial
shade to full sun. It is a hardy tree that grows rapidly for a
White Spruce tree, Picea glauca, has many common names including
the Western White Spruce, Canadian Spruce, Alberta Spruce, Alberta
White Spruce, Black Hills Spruce, Skunk Spruce, Cat Spruce, and
Porsild Spruce. White Spruce trees can grow rapidly if placed in a
well drained location and it is adaptable to many soil types. It
makes a beautiful Christmas tree, ornamental specimen, when
planted as a single, or it can be a steady windbreak when planted
Austrian Pine, Pinus nigra, is a densely branched tree producing
long dark needles. This evergreen conifer tree thrives in urban
locations as well as in windbreaks in more rural settings. The
spreading branches of a young tree form a pyramidal outline, but
at maturity, it sometimes achieves a picturesque flat topped head.
Also good for thick screens or windbreaks. When placed in a good
site it should reach 5 ft. in height in 6-7 years starting with a
2 year old seedling.
Cypress, Taxodium distichum, is a lofty, deciduous conifer of
slender, pyramidal habit. A stately tree, for parks, yards.
Landscapers and land owners use this tree in wet areas. Bald
Cypress trees have moderate water requirements. The needle like
leaves are dark green in the spring and summer. The "cypress
knees" only develop when grown in or near water for most of
the year. This species is very adaptable to wet and dry sites and
thrives in many soil types.
Douglas Fir tree, Pseudotsuga menziessi glauca, is a splendid
pyramidal evergreen. It has many common names such as, Interior
fir, Rocky Mountain, Douglas-fir, Douglas, yellow or red spruce,
Oregon pine, and Douglastree. Douglas Fir trees have dark green or
blueish green needles. It is a rapid growing hardy tree that grows
well in a variety of soils It is used as a windbreak tree and it
can also be sheared as a hedge.
Balsam Fir, 'Abies balsamea', exhibits a relatively dense,
dark-green, pyramidal crown with a slender spire-like tip. The
scientific name "balsamea" is an ancient word for the
balsam tree, so named because of the many resinous blisters found
in the bark. Balsam fir and Fraser fir have many similar
characteristics. The species thrives in cooler climates and
demands abundant soil moisture and a humid atmosphere. A large
percentage of Christmas trees are Balsam Firs.
Serbian Spruce, 'Picea omorika', Serbian Spruce forms a narrow,
pyramidal silhouette with graceful arching branches. The upper
surface of the needles is glossy, dark green in contrast to the
whitish lower surface. The Serbian spruce, with it's narrow
pyramidal habit, allows its use in smaller scale landscape
situations than most other conifer trees. It prefers moist well
drained soils, and will tolerates alkaline sites.
Bristlecone Pine, 'Pinus aristata', is a type of pine tree that
can reach an age far greater than that of any other living thing
known - up to 5,000 years. It is dense in growth, the shoots set
with dark, short needles, five per bundle. The cones which
occasion its names are indeed tipped by slender spines or
bristles. Looks aside, bristlecone pine is famous because in its
arid mountain home of Colorado, New Mexico and Arizona, it can
live for thousands of years. In cultivation it proves slow, bushy,
dark and enduring of difficult sites.
The American Arborvitae, Thuja occidentalis, is
a conifer evergreen tree that is widely used as an accent tree or
as a privacy hedge tree. American Arborvitae trees have a broad
pyramidal shape with erect branches that are dense and crowded
together. The leaf color is bright green above and pale green
below and they may turn a yellow brown is some winters. When
established it can stand considerable heat and drought. It may be
sheared and shaped to fit into most every landscaping need.
The Pygmy Globe, Thuja occidentalsis, is a globe
shaped dwarf arborvitae tree. These Arborvitae trees have bright
green foliage. This slow compact growing evergreen tree does not
need to be sheared to maintain the globe shape. The Pygmy Globe
tree or shrub thrives in full sun or light shade. It has great
appeal as a specimen planting or as an accent shrub in a yard or
The Pyramidalis arborvitae, Thuja occidentalis,
is a tall, slender and compact grower. This evergreen conifer tree
is ideal for entrance or corner plantings. The bright green
foliage is attractive all year. This evergreen species grows best
in fertile, well-drained but moist soil, in full sun to light
shade. Pruning is seldom required due to the dense growth habit.
The moderate growth rate provides an attractive accent tree for
your landscaping plans.
Eastern Red Cedar
The Eastern Red Cedar, Juniperus Virginiana, is
a small to medium-sized aromatic evergreen tree. Typically, the
trunk is straight and the tree has a pointed, dense, conical crown
that may be varied or irregular, depending on ecotype or competing
vegetation. The fruit, or cone, is berrylike and dark blue. Its
deep roots and small leaf surface make it very drought resistant.
The wood of the Red Cedar is fragrant and is used extensively for
furniture. The foliage is bright green to dark green.
Green Giant Arborvitae
The Arborvitae Green Giant, 'Thuja plicata
'Green Giant', is a giant arborvitae that has bright green,
fern-like foliage. This plant is very adaptable to wet or dry
soils. The Green Giant is fast growing for an arborvitae and it is
also very dense and they are used extensively for borders,
screens, windbreaks or as an accent tree. When used as a hedge,
the Green Giant can be trimmed and kept to a dense 6 foot hedge.
Spring Grove Arborvitae
The Arborvitae Spring Grove, 'Thuja
plicata 'Spring Grove', a Proven Winners selection, was selected for
its superior winter color and hardiness. It maintains a rich green
color even in Midwest winters. The tight, pyramidal habit works
nicely for landscape designs, borders, screens, and windbreaks. This
plant is also very deer resistant. The Spring Grove is fast growing
for an Arborvitae.
The Arborvitae Woodward, 'Thuja occidentalis 'Wiidwardii',
is a compact round plant that never needs trimming to maintain its
shape. The Woodward is an excellent foundation plant and it is
well suited for a short border or lining a sidewalk. This plant is
fast growing for an Arborvitae and it displays bright green
foliage. Place the Woodward in moist, acidic, and well drained
The Techny Arborvitae, Thuja occidentalis, is a
fast growing Arborvitae tree that grows well in full sun or light
shade. Techny arborvitae trees are very winter hardy. This
cultivar is the most resistant to winter and drought damage and is
the Arborvitae of choice for tougher conditions. This beautiful
evergreen species has a deep dark green color. It can be sheared
to shape when used as a hedge or privacy screen.